Sages of the Mishnah - Tannaim



  • Abba Bar Marta
    Also known as Abba Bar Manyumi: Shabbat 121b, Yoma 84a
    Was insulted by the Exilarch [Reish Galuta], until he proved himself to be a "Tzurba MeiRabbanan [Young Torah Scholar]": Shabbat 121b

  • Abba Binyamin
    Careful to pray the morning prayers upon waking: Berachot 5b
    Careful to orient bed North/South: Berachot 5b
    Set of statements: Berachot 5b-6a

  • Abba Chilkiyahu
    Known as one who acted with perfect justice: Makkot 24a


  • Abba Shaul
    The Dough-Preparer of Rebbe's household: Pesachim 34a

  • Akavyah ben Mahallel
    According to R' Yehudah, no one [who was in the Outer Room of the Temple at his time for the Pesach Offering] was more wise or fearful of sin than Akavyah Ben Mahallel: Berachot 19a; Pesachim 64b
    Whether he was ex-communicated: Berachot 19a; Pesachim 64b


  • Avtalyon
    Vs. a non-righteous Head Kohen: Yoma 71b
    Involved in a Sotah case: Berachot 19a
    Mocked posthumously for his status as a convert: Berachot 19a


  • Avtulmus
    Testifying on the practical legal rulings of the Sages: Eruvin 35a; Rosh HaShanah 15a; Succah 40a


  • Avuha DeShemuel


  • Ayvo
    Ayvo, Chana, Shila, Marta and R' Chiyya were all sons of Abba bar Acha Karsela from Kafri: Sanhedrin 5a-b


  • Bava ben Buta
    Bava ben Buta's desire to bring a korban asham taluy daily in case he had sinned; he was told not to bring it on the day after Yom Kippur, since Yom Kippur atones for the sort of sin that warrants an asham taluy: Keritot 18a, 25a
    Bava Buta declaring an oath, "HaMa'on haZeh! [By this Temple!]": Keritot 25a


  • Beit [House (Students) of-] Hillel


  • Beit [House (Students) of-] Shammai


  • Batnit, the son of Abba Shaul ben Batnit
    How Batnit helped R' Shimon bar Rebbe to rescind a vow: Nedarim 22b-23a


  • [Shimon] ben Azzai
    Abayye saying that he felt so confident in answering questions once, he was like ben Azzai in the markets of Tiveria: Kiddushin 20a
    Rava telling his students, on a day when he felt good, "Today I can answer questions like ben Azzai did in the markets of Tiveria!": Eruvin 29a
    Whether or not ben Azzai ever married: Sotah 4b
    Nachum Ish Gam Zu whispered a leniency to R' Akiva, who whispered it to Ben Azzai, for fear that if it spread it might lead to improper practices. It's not clear whether Ben Azzai preserved secrecy, or not: Berachot 22a
    Ben Azzai reporting a halachah taught on the day R' Elazar ben Azaryah ascended to lead the Study Hall: Zevachim 11b


  • Bar Kappara


  • ben Bag Bag
    First name was "Yochanan": Kiddushin 10b
    R' Yehudah ben Betaira sent a message to ben Bag Bag, beginning, "I know that you are expert in all of the rooms of the Torah, to analyze via the "Kal VaChomer" method: Kiddushin 10b
    R' Yochanan declared regarding a scriptural analysis of Ben Bag Bag, "If anyone can explain the verse to me as Ben Bag Bag read it, I will carry his garments after him to the bathhouse!": Eruvin 27b


  • ben Buchri
    Testifying as to how a practice was practiced in Yavneh: Menachot 46b


  • ben Hay Hay
    Visited by Eliyahu the Prophet: Chagigah 9b


  • Bnei Beteirah [the sons of Beteirah]
    Rabbi Yehudah haNasi answering a question in place of the Bnei Beteirah: Zevachim 12a


  • Berebi
    His father questioned a statement of his, to which he responded, "You taught us, our master, that...": Makkot 5b


  • Chana
    Ayvo, Chana, Shila, Marta and R' Chiyya were all sons of Abba bar Acha Karsela from Kafri: Sanhedrin 5a-b


  • Chanina ben Chizkiyah
    Rav said that Chanina ben Chizkiyah should be remembered for good, because he entered an attic with 300 bottles of oil, and resolved all of the difficulties between the text of Yechezkel and the rest of the Torah, to prevent its being sealed away: Menachot 45a

  • Chizkiyah

  • Choni haMe'agel
    Shimon ben Shetach's threat of ex-communication for his apparently arrogant method of prayer: Berachot 19a


  • Chutzpit HaMeturgeman
    Elisha ben Avuyah witnessed the tongue of Chutzpit HaMeturgeman cut out and left in the dirt, and this drove him to question Divine Reward: Kiddushin 39b

  • Elisha ben Avuyah [aka "Acher"]
    Witnessed the tongue of Chutzpit HaMeturgeman cut out and left in the dirt, and this drove him to question Divine Reward: Kiddushin 39b
    Witnessed a child die, after the child had obeyed his parents and sent away a mother bird before taking its young, leading him to question Divine Reward: Kiddushin 39b
    His grandson was R' Yaakov: Kiddushin 39b

  • Hillel

  • Hillel ben Rabban Gamliel
    Bathing with his brother, despte local custom: Pesachim 51a
    Walking in loose, floppy shoes [which could slip off and accidentally be carried] on Shabbat, against local custom: Pesachim 51a

  • Ilfa
    His notepad: Menachot 70a Rav Dimi reporting a question of Ilfa's when he arrived from Israel, and then Ravin arriving from Israel and reporting Ilfa's subsequent response to his own question: Zevachim 20a


  • Isi ben Akavyah
    A.K.A. Yosef Ish Hutzal, Yosef HaBavli, Isi Ben Gur Aryeh, Isi Ben Yehudah, Isi Ben Gamliel, Isi Ben Mahallel: Pesachim 113b

  • Levi

  • Marta
    Ayvo, Chana, Shila, Marta and R' Chiyya were all sons of Abba bar Acha Karsela from Kafri: Sanhedrin 5a-b


  • Nachum Ish Gam Zu
    Nachum Ish Gam Zu whispered a leniency to R' Akiva, who whispered it to Ben Azzai, for fear that if it spread it might lead to improper practices: Berachot 22a


  • Nechemiah/Shimon Ha'Amsuni
    Explaining the Meanings of the word "Et [And]" in the Torah, then retracting all of it when he couldn't explain one: Pesachim 22b

  • Rabbis of Yavneh
    They said that the main factor in a person's service of Gd should be his purity of intention: Berachot 17a

  • Rabbeinu HaKadosh

  • Rav

  • Rav Acha Bardela
    Rav's Financial dealings with Rav Acha Bardela: Gittin 14a

  • R' Achyah
    He received News from afar of his son's death: Moed Katan 20a

  • R' Akiva

  • R' Chalafta
    Used a ram's horn and trumpets in Tzippori on Rosh HaShanah, but the Sages objected, stating that this was strictly a Temple practice: Rosh HaShanah 27a

  • R' Chananiah Ben Akaviah
    Rav cited a lesson of his as an example of what one would miss, if he missed time in the Study Hall: Shabbat 83b
    R' Yehudah taught Torah while in mourning for his son via a third party [R' Chananyah ben Akavya] who transmitted to his assistant, because he was needed: Moed Katan 21a Three leniencies which R' Chananiah ben Akavya permitted for the people of Tiveriah: Eruvin 87b-88a


  • R' Chananiah/Chanina ben Gamliel

  • R' Chanina

  • R' Chanina Ben Dosa

  • R' Chanina Ben Teradyon
    His daughter was Beruriah, R' Meir's wife: Pesachim 62b
    Used a ram's horn and trumpets in Sichni on Rosh HaShanah, but the Sages objected, stating that this was strictly a Temple practice: Rosh HaShanah 27a

  • R' Chiyya and his sons

  • R' Dosa ben Harkinas
    R' Akiva and R' Dosa ben Harkinas comforting R' Yehoshua, when Rabban Gamliel forced him to forgo his own ruling for Rabban Gamliel's: Rosh HaShanah 25a, 25b

  • All of the "Rabban Gamliel"s

  • R' Elazar [ben Shamua, per Rashi Eruvin 38b]
    Cursed R' Yosi Ben Durmaskit's eyes to fall out, for saying a Law spoken to Moshe at Sinai over as a modern institution, then prayed for him to be healed: Chagigah 3b
    The law is like him in most cases of Bills of Divorce: Gittin 4a R' Elazar refused honors from the leadership of Jewry, saying that the honorers were trying to kill him by offering gifts/honors, which shorten lifespan: Megillah 28a


  • R' Elazar ben Arach

  • R' Elazar Ben Azaryah

  • R' Elazar Ben Parta
    Repeating Verses in the "Hallel" Prayer: Pesachim 119b

  • R' Elazar ben R' Shimon
    R' Shimon bar Yochai said that on his own he could exempt the world from judgment during his lifetime, with his son R' Elazar he could exempt from Creation until then, and with Yotam ben Uziyahu from Creation until the end: Succah 45b
    Rav Shimon bar Yochai on the number of righteous people who are closest to Gd, and the inclusion of himself and his son, R' Elazar, among them: Succah 45b His care in making sure he would respond if he heard someone insult a young Torah scholar: Makkot 24a


  • R' Elazar haKappar
    Known as "BeRebi," implying that he was the leader: Nedarim 10a


  • R' Eliezer


  • R' Eliezer B"R Yosi



  • R' Eliezer/Elazar ben R' Tzaddok


  • R' Elazar ben Shamua


  • R' Eliezer Ben Yaakov
    R' Eliezer ben Yaakov's teachings are "Kav veNaki" - rare but refined - and the law will follow them: Eruvin 62b
    Set of quotations, cited by R' Yosi B"R Chanina, on Prayer: Berachot 10b


  • R' Eliezer haModai
    Rabban Gamliel rejecting a series of responses by the Sages, finally saying, "We still require [the answer of] the Modai [R' Eliezer HaModai]: Megillah 15b


  • R' Ilai


  • R' Meir


  • R' Menachem B"R Yosi
    Also known as "Vardimus {Rosy One]" because of his rosy complexion: Shabbat 118b


  • R' Nehorai


  • R' Natan


  • R' Nechemyah
    R' Nechemyah was also called "R' Nehorai," because he enlightened the eyes of the Sages in Law: Shabbat 147b; Eruvin 13b
    R' Nechemyah was also named "R' Meir," because of the light he provided: Eruvin 13b


  • R' Nechunyah ben HaKanah
    Explaining to his students how he merited long life: Megillah 28a


  • R' Nechunyah HaGadol
    R' Akiva asked R' Nechunyah HaGadol how he merited a long life. When R' Nechunyah's aides chased him away, he proved his knowledge to demonstrate his sincerity: Megillah 28a


  • R' Oshia



  • R' Papyas
    Testifying with R' Yehoshua regarding a law: Temurah 18a
    How he dealt with an offering which bore a child before he could offer it: Temurah 18a, 18b


  • R' Pereida
    His explanation for why he merited long life: Megillah 27b-28a
    R' Pereida had a student who needed to have a lesson repeated 400 times in order for him to learn it properly. Once, the student still didn't understand, and the student explained it was because he had heard someone telling R' Pereida he would have to get R' Pereida for a Mitzvah later, so that the student had his mind on R' Pereida having to leave. R' Pereida then sat and taught him the lesson 400 more times. A Divine Voice emerged and offered R' Pereida 400 years of extra life, or merit for the next world for his generation. R' Pereida took the latter, and so Gd gave him both: Eruvin 54b


  • R' Pinchas ben Arova
    Reporting on the autopsy of Titus: Gittin 56b


  • R' Pinchas Ben Yair
    The extraordinary nature of his donkey: Shabbat 112b


  • R' Reuven ben Itztirubili
    Set of statements cited by Rav: Moed Katan 18b


  • R' Shimon bar Rebbe


  • R' Shimon / R' Shimon Bar Yochai


  • R' Shimon Ben Chalafta
    Explaining to Rebbe that he didn't come for the Holiday because "The boulders have become heights, the near places have become distant, the 2 [legs] have become 3 [a cane], and I have become impotent": Shabbat 152a


  • R' Shimon ben Elazar
    R' Shimon ben Elazar reporting a practice of R' Meir: Eruvin 29a


  • R' Shimon Ben Gamliel


  • R' Shimon ben Pazi
    How he opened his class teaching The Book of Chronicles: Megillah 13a


  • R' Shimon Ben R' Yosi Ben Lakunya
    Gave R' Yochanan ben Elazar Wild Cabbage grown in the Sabbatical Year to eat, based on the custom of R' Shimon Bar Yochai, but only allowed him to eat them before him: Pesachim 51a-b

  • R' Shimon HaNasi
    Whether he was truly the Leader, as the title "Nasi" implies: Gittin 15a

  • R' Tarfon

  • R' Tzaddok

  • R' Yaakov
    R' Yaakov saw a child die, after the child had obeyed his parents and sent away a mother bird before taking its young, leading him to conclude that the promised "long life" was not for this world: Kiddushin 39b
    Was the grandson of Elisha ben Avuyah: Kiddushin 39b

  • R' Yaakov bar Acha
    Wanted to bare his shoulder when Rebbe was going to do so after Rebbe's father died, so Rebbe didn't do it; alternatively, the roles were reversed: Moed Katan 22b

  • R' Yaakov Ish Kefar Chitaya
    Used to visit his Rebbe daily, and was miserable when he became too old to do so: Chagigah 5b

  • R' Yehoshua

  • R' Yehoshua ben Beteirah
    Known as R' Yehoshua after his ordination and as "the son of Beteirah" before his ordination: Taanit 3a


  • R' Yehoshua Ben Chananiah

  • R' Yehoshua Ben Karcha

  • R' Yehoshua haGarsi
    When R' Akiva was in jail, R' Yehoshua haGarsi would bring him water: Eruvin 21b


  • R' Yehudah [bar R' Ilai]

  • R' Yehudah Ben Bava
    Is listed sometimes as "Chasid Echad [One pious person]": Temurah 15b; Rashi Shabbat 127b
    His testimony about the law in certain cases: Niddah 8a
    A pious person raised a goat in Israel because his doctor said he needed the goat's milk; this was his only sin. This person was either R' Yehudah ben Bava or R' Yehuda ben R' Ilai: Temurah 15b-16a

  • R' Yehudah Ben Betaira

  • R' Yehudah ben Gadish
    R' Yehudah ben Gadish testifying before R' Eliezer regarding what his parents purchased with their Secondary Tithe, and R' Eliezer questioning his memory: Eruvin 27a


  • R' Yehudah Ben Nechemiah
    Was joyful at successfully answering R' Tarfon's question, and he died within weeks, as R' Akiva predicted: Menachot 68b

  • R' Yehudah ben Roetz
    His students asked him a question, which he answered; after they left, he pursued them to give them a different answer: Sanhedrin 4a


  • R' Yehudah ben Tabbai
    Exclaimed, "Ereh beNechamah," "If this is true, may I see the consolation of the Jewish people!": Makkot 5b
    R' Yehudah ben Tabbai had an Ed Zomem killed to show the Tziddukim they were wrong regarding a law, but made a mistake himself, which Shimon ben Shetach pointed out. From then on, he refused to rule in law other than before Shimon ben Shetach, and he spent his life crying at the grave of his victim for forgiveness: Makkot 5b


  • R' Yishmael

  • R' Yishmael ben Elisha
    Note: Tosafot indicates that there were multiple famous people of the name "R' Yishmael Ben Elisha." I am placing all anecdotes under one listing, due to the difficulty of resolving all of the potential problems.
    Did Chalitzah-Rite with a shoe of "Mok" material, Alone, At Night: Yevamot 104a
    Giving a "Blessing to Gd" in the Holy of Holies: Berachot 7a Care in avoiding anything resembling a bribe: Makkot 24a


  • R' Yishmael ben R' Yosi

  • R' Yitzchak ben Acha
    This is the "R' Yitzchak" referred to in legal references: Pesachim 114a
    What he taught the sages when he arrived: Eruvin 27a, 36b


  • R' Yitzchak ben Pinchas
    This is the "R' Yitzchak" referred to in discussions not related to law: Pesachim 114a


  • R' Yitzchak ben Tavla
    Also known as R' Yitzchak Ben Chakla, R' Yitzchak Ben Ilaa: Pesachim 113b


  • R' Yochanan ben Beteirah
    The Students of Shammai and of Hillel meeting in the attic of R' Yochanan ben Beteirah: Menachot 41b


  • R' Yochanan ben HaChoranit
    Hosting House of Hillel and House of Shammai in his Succot-Hut: Berachot 11a; Eruvin 13b


  • R' Yochanan ben Matya
    What happened when he assigned his son to hire laborers, and the son promised to provide them with meals: Bava Metzia 49a, 83a


  • R' Yochanan ben Nuri
    Special Dispensation allowed a raped woman to marry a Kohen, despite unknown lineage of the Rapist: Ketuvot 14b
    R' Yehoshua was expert in the laws of grafted produce; nonetheless, he went to R' Yochanan ben Nuri to ask him a question regarding those laws: Eruvin 11b
    After Rabban Gamliel died, R' Yehoshua tried to change a certain legal practice. R' Yochanan ben Nuri arose and said, "It appears to me that the body should follow the head [those who came first]! We always followed Rabban Gamliel in his days, now you want to annul his words? Yehoshuam we will not listen to you, for the law is established like Rabban Gamliel!" No one argued against him.: Eruvin 41a


  • R' Yochanan Ben Zakkai

  • R' Yonatan

  • R' Yoshiyah
    Included as one of "The Three Elders" with R' Ila'i and R' Yehudah ben Beteirah: Berachot 22a


  • R' Yosi

  • R' Yosi ben Chalafta
    Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel terming R' Yosi ben Chalafta "BeRebi" - leader of the generation: Succah 26a

  • R' Yosi Ben Durmaskis
    He was cursed by R' Elazar to have his eyes fall out for telling over a Law spoken to Moshe at Sinai as a modern institution, and then healed by R' Elazar: Chagigah 3b

  • R' Yosi ben Kippar
    R' Achi bar Yoshiyah asked R' Dostai bar R' Yannai and R' Yosi ben Kippar to bring a charge back to him from its guardians; the guardians demanded absolution from responsiblity over the object while it was en route, and R' Yosi refused to grant it; they beat him, with R' Dostai's approval. R' Dostai explained that he gave in because the guardians were 1 cubit tall, with 1 cubit hats, deep voices, strange names and the power to imprison or kill them: Gittin 14a-b

  • R' Yosi ben Pereida
    R' Eliezer visited R' Yosi ben Pereida, his student, and instructed him to change the construction of an alley in which they wanted to transport items. When R' Yosi ben Pereida protested, "Need it be sealed?" he responded "So what if it's sealed?": Eruvin 11b-12a


  • R' Yosi beRabbi Yehudah
    Deciding between the view of R' Yosi BeRabbi Yehudah and the sages: Eruvin 16b


  • R' Yosi ben Ulam of Tzippori
    His brief tenure as a replacement for the Head Kohen: Megillah 9b

  • R' Yosi HaGelili

  • R' Yosi HaKohen
    Beluria the Convert asked him to balance Gd's Impartiality with the Promise of Reward for Mitzvot; R' Yosi HaKohen answered her, instead: Rosh HaShanah 17b

  • R' Zakkai
    His explanation for why he merited long life: Megillah 27b
    His mother's self-sacrifice for his fulfillment of Mitzvot: Megillah 27b
    The wealth which his mother left for him, and the wealth which he left for his children: Megillah 27b

  • R' Zecharyah Ben Avkulus
    His role in the destruction of the second Temple: Gittin 55b-56a


  • R' Zecharyah Ben HaKatzav
    Exclaiming "HaMaon HaZeh! [By the Temple!]": Ketuvot 27b
    Testifying that his wife was not raped during their capture: Ketuvot 27b
    Keeping her nearby after his testimony was not accepted: Ketuvot 27b

  • Rebbe

  • Shammai

  • Shemayah
    Vs. a non-righteous Head Kohen: Yoma 71b Involved in a Sotah case: Berachot 19a
    Mocked posthumously for his status as a convert: Berachot 19a


  • Shemuel

  • Shila
    Ayvo, Chana, Shila, Marta and R' Chiyya were all sons of Abba bar Acha Karsela from Kafri: Sanhedrin 5a-b


  • Shimon achi Azaryah
    The arrangement between Shimon and his brother Azaryah, that Azaryah would work to support his brother Shimon, in exchange for reward from Shimon's Torah study: Rashi Zevachim 2a "Shimon Achi Azaryah"


  • Shimon ben Shetach
    R' Yehudah ben Tabbai had an Ed Zomem killed to show the Tziddukim they were wrong regarding a law, but made a mistake himself, which Shimon ben Shetach pointed out. From then on, he refused to rule in law other than before Shimon ben Shetach, and he spent his life crying at the grave of his victim for forgiveness: Makkot 5b
    On ex-communicating Choni haMe'agel: Berachot 19a
    On ex-communicating Todos Ish Romi: Berachot 19a


  • Shimon haPekuli
    His work in designing the Structure of the Amidah: Megillah 17b, 18a


  • Shimon HaTzaddik
    And Alexander Mokdon: Yoma 69a
    And a righteous Nazirite: Nedarim 9b


  • Sumchus
    Sumchus was a student of R' Meir, and for every case in which the answer was "Pure" he could provide 48 reasons for that decision, and for every case in which the answer was "Impure" he could provide 48 reasons for that decision: Eruvin 13b


  • Todos Ish Romi / Thaddeus of Rome
    Instructed his community to eat roasted meat on Pesach night: Berachot 19a; Pesachim 53a
    Whether he was a "Gavra Rabbah [Great Man]" or simply threateningly powerful: Pesachim 53b
    Shimon ben Shetach's threat of ex-communication: Berachot 19a


  • Yehudah ben Rabban Gamliel
    Bathing with his brother, despte local custom: Pesachim 51a
    Walking in loose, floppy shoes [which could slip off and accidentally be carried] on Shabbat, against local custom: Pesachim 51a


  • Yehudah ben Shamua
    One may not fast on the 28th of Adar, because on that date Yehudah ben Shamua and his peers succeeding in preventing a decree which would have prohibited teaching Torah, circumcising, and keeping Shabbat: Rosh HaShanah 19a
    He was a student of R' Meir: Rosh HaShanah 19a


  • Yochanan ben R' Ilai
    R' Eli'ezer staying in the Succah of Yochanan BeR' Ilai on the holiday; when asked whether to cover part of the Succah for shade, R' Eliezer refused to answer directly, for fear of saying something which he hadn't heard from his Rebbe: Succah 27b


  • Yonatan ben Uziel


  • Yosef Ben Simai
    Was close to the king, and so the king's servants came to put out his fire on Shabbat, and he refused to let them, and a miracle was done for him to extinguish it with rain: Shabbat 121a


  • Yosef ben Yochanan [of Jerusalem]
    He was one of the last "Eshkol" people - a Person with Everything: Torah, Awe of Heaven and Generosity: Temurah 15b


  • Yosef HaKohen
    Married his sister-in-law immediately after his wife died so that his kids would be taken care of, but didn't touch her for 30 days: Moed Katan 23a
    Yosef haKohen left Israel and went to Tziddon in order to learn Torah from his teacher, even though that meant he would gain rabbinically-defined impurity: Eruvin 47a-b


  • Yosi (also Yosef) ben Yoezer [of Tzeraidah]
    His testimony as to certain laws: Pesachim 16a; Nedarim 19a
    He was one of the last "Eshkol" people - a Person with Everything: Torah, Awe of Heaven and Generosity: Temurah 15b
    His role in the first debates regarding Torah law: Temurah 15b-16a

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